Hyundai Elantra: Electric Power Steering / Description and Operation

Description
EPS (Electric power steering, Column assist type) system uses an electric motor to assist the steering force and it is an engine operation independent steering system.
EPS control module controls the motor operation according to information received from the each sensor and CAN (Controller Area Network), resulting in a more precise and timely control of steering assist than conventional engine-driven hydraulic systems.
Components (Torque Sensor, Fail-safe relay, etc.) of the EPS system are located inside the steering column & EPS unit assembly and the steering column & EPS unit assembly must not be disassemble to inspect or replace them.


Operation
Note With Regard to diagnosis
Trouble factor
Check item
Trouble symtom
Explanation
Note
Drop, impact, and overload
Motor
Abnormal noise
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Visable or unvisable damage can occur.The steering wheel could pull to one side by using the dropped parts.
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Precise parts of motor/ECU are sensitive to vibration and impact.
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Overload can cause unexpected damage
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Do not use the impacted EPS.
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Do not overload each parts.
ECU
Circuit damage
-
Wrong welding point
-
Broken PCB
-
Damaged precise parts
Torque sensor
Insufficient steering effort
Overload to INPUT shaft can cause malfunction of the torque sensor
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Do not impact the connecting parts (When inserting and torquing)
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Use the specified tool to remove the steering wheel. (Do not hammer on it)
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Do not use the impacted EPS
Shaft
Insufficient steering effort (Uneven between LH and RH)
 
Do not use the impacted EPS
Pull/Dent
Harness
-
Malfunction-impossible power operation
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Malfunction of EPS
Disconnection between harness connecting portion and harness
Do not overload the harness
Abnormal storage temperature
Motor/ECU
Abnormal steering effort by improper operation of the motor/ECU
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Waterproof at the normal condition
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Even a little moisture can cause malfunction of the precise parts of the motor/ECU
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Keep the normal temperature and proper moisture, while storaging
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Avoid drowning

Electric Power Steering
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Schematic Diagrams
Schematic Diagrams Terminal Function TypePin NoDescriptionBattery1Battery +2Battery -VSS1IGN2-3-4-5-6-7HIGH CAN8LOW CAN ...

Other information:

Hyundai Elantra AD (2016-2020) Service Manual: Schematic Diagrams
System Block Diagram Component Parts And Function Outline Component partFunctionVehicle-speed sensor, ESP/ABS Control ModuleConverts vehicle speed to pulse.ECMReceives signals from sensor and control switches.Cruise control indicatorIlluminate when CRUISE main switch is ON (Built into cluster)Cr ...

Hyundai Elantra AD (2016-2020) Service Manual: Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting Ignition System SymptomSuspect AreaRemedyEngine will not start or is hard to start (Cranks OK)Ignition lock switchInspect ignition lock switch, or replace as requiredIgnition coilInspect ignition coil, or replace as requiredSpark plugsInspect spark plugs, or replace as requir ...

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