Hyundai Elantra: Engine Control System / Knock Sensor (KS) Description and Operation

Description
Knocking is a phenomenon characterized by undesirable vibration and noise and can cause engine damage. Knock Sensor (KS) is installed on the cylinder block and senses engine knocking.
When knocking occurs, the vibration from the cylinder block is applied as pressure to the piezoelectric element. When a knock occurs, the sensor produces voltage signal. The ECM retards the ignition timing when knocking occurs. If the knocking disappears after retarding the ignition timing, the ECM will advance the ignition timing. This sequential control can improve engine power, torque and fuel economy.

Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) Repair procedures
Inspection 1. Check the signal waveform of the CMPS and CKPS using the GDS. Specification : Refer to "Wave Form" Removal     • DON’T remove the camshaft positi ...

Knock Sensor (KS) Specifications
Specification ItemSpecificationCapacitance (pF)850 ~ 1,150 ...

Other information:

Hyundai Elantra AD (2016-2020) Service Manual: Underdrive Brake Control Solenoid Valve(UD/B_VFS) Specifications
Specifications ShapeItems Specifications Control current(voltage) [mA] 0 ~ 1100 Supply pressure [kpa (kgf/cm?, psi)] 1569.06 (16, 227.57) Control pressure [kpa (kgf/cm?, psi)] 0 ~ 1569.06 (0 ~ 16, 0 ~ 227.57)  Internal resistance(?) 5.0 ~ 5.6 ...

Hyundai Elantra AD (2016-2020) Service Manual: Description and Operation
Description The SMART KEY system is a system that allows the user to access and operate a vehicle in a very convenient way. To access the vehicle, no traditional key or remote control unit is needed. The user carries a SMART KEY FOB which does not require any conscious actions by the user ...

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